88 mm FlaK 18/36/37/41 and PaK 43 1936-45 by John Norris, Mike Fuller

By John Norris, Mike Fuller

The German 88 mm was once through a long way the main recognized and flexible artillery weapon of global warfare II. It was once first used as an anti-aircraft weapon by way of the Condor Legion through the Spanish Civil battle and observed extra provider within the German invasions of Poland and France, the place it used to be first utilized in its anti-tank function. This function was once rather profitable and the 88 grew to become feared by means of tank crews from North Africa to Russia. except those major roles the 88 mm was once used because the major weapon on late-war German tanks, as a self-propelled gun, or even as an aerial weapon. This booklet covers these kind of variations, explaining their layout, improvement and operational use.

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The motor compartment was also painted in Rot. 5 cm Panzergranate 39 projectile (APCBC/HE. shell) was black (Schwarz - RAL 9005) with a white cap (Weiss). 5 cm Sprenggranate (high explosive shell) was painted in Olivgrun (RAL 6003). sharp outlines, of Olivgrun (RAL 6003) and Rotbraun (RAL 8017). To simulate sunlight passing through foliage, spots of the alternate colour paint were applied over the stripes and patches. The Zimmerit anti-magnetic coating was cancelled by an order issued on 7 September 1944.

In the West, 11 Panzer-Divisionen awaited the Allied landing at Normandy on 6 June 1944. IV (authorised strength of 965) on 10 June 1944. Further replacements were issued to 9. Panzer-Divisionen, and 1. J. assembled by Nibelungenwerk in August/September 1944. The application of Zimmerit was discontinued during September 1944. SS-Panzer-Divisionen before they were transported to the front. While there are reports that Sturmgeschutz had difficulties in engaging targets in the hedgerow landscape of the bocage in Normandy, this was not true of the Panzers.

IV. IV in each of three platoons. IV to their allies in exchange for raw materials and to bolster their morale. J. assembled by Nibelungenwerk in August/ September 1944 with side Schurzen fitted and the anti-aircraft mounting for an MG34 on the cupola. J. assembled by Nibelungenwerk in August/September 1944. The Flammentoter exhaust system replaced the cylindrical muffler in August 1944. 40 were sent to H u n g a r y a n d 11 to Romania. G to Italy. H were sent to Spain in November 1943. Following major setbacks o n the Eastern Front, Germany a t t e m p t e d to a r m h e r allies with m o r e effective weapons.

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