By Stephen V. Estopinal(auth.)
The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now greatly up to date
during the last a number of a long time, the net has allowed people with a non-technical history to imagine extra regulate of land surveys. yet with out a transparent realizing of ways to competently use land survey facts, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular necessities to a pro land surveyor, conflicts usually come up that result in litigation.
A consultant to knowing Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding conversation hole among the clients of land boundary details land surveyors.
This necessary advisor sincerely explains the capabilities and systems required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the position of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for name lawyers, paralegals, realtors, executive brokers, and others who depend on the knowledge collected and provided through land surveys.
Written in nontechnical language and supported by means of various line drawings, A advisor to knowing Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a powerful familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet allows them to correctly evaluation it, realize any inadequacies, and make the correct changes to procure approval.
The 3rd version of A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys has been multiplied with thirty percentage new fabric and is totally up-to-date to mirror the newest perform directions and know-how, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally incorporated is critical new fabric on how know-how might be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.Content:
Chapter 1 function of the ebook (pages 1–6):
Chapter 2 genuine estate on a around Planet (pages 7–18):
Chapter three Geometry (pages 19–32):
Chapter four Defining North (pages 33–42):
Chapter five Projection structures (pages 43–54):
Chapter 6 basics of Measurements (pages 55–88):
Chapter 7 Land list structures (pages 89–122):
Chapter eight the worldwide Positioning approach (GPS) (pages 123–130):
Chapter nine The Geographic details approach (GIS) Revolution (pages 131–134):
Chapter 10 Boundary restoration (pages 135–146):
Chapter eleven comparing Survey Plats (pages 147–172):
Chapter 12 routines in comparing Survey Plats (pages 173–202):
Chapter thirteen Writing felony Descriptions (pages 203–218):
Chapter 14 routines in Writing Deed Descriptions (pages 219–226):
Chapter 15 Ethics behavior (pages 227–230):
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Additional info for A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys, Third Edition
This freedom reduces to a minimum the fieldwork required to map a particular parcel of land. Knowledge of the elevation or geodetic position of the area being surveyed, in order to account for the earth’s shape, is not necessary. Because the shape of the earth is ignored, there is no need to collect information on the geodetic positions of points within the parcel. This is a further reduction of the fieldwork required to survey and map a parcel of land. The computations required are all two-dimensional and relatively simple.
The few systems that are going to be discussed here are all “conformal” projection systems. This means that angles measured at the surface of the earth are presented on the projection (map) with minimum distortion. 2. TANGENT PLANE PROJECTIONS The most common form of plane projection systems in use today is the tangent plane projection system. Although it is slowly being replaced by more sophisticated systems, most survey maps or plats are based on this simple system. This is especially true of small surveys and surveys performed before the World War II.
8. BEARINGS 37 Imagine a flat plane perpendicular to the line of intersection of a land line and a meridian. The vertical ray that is the line of intersection will appear as a geometric point on that imaginary plane. The vertical planes that are the land lines and the meridian will intersect the imaginary plane as geometric lines. The description of the relationship of the land line and the meridian has now been reduced to a two-dimensional image. This relationship is valid only at a particular land point of intersection.