A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural History by William Swainson

By William Swainson

William Swainson F. R. S., was once regarded largely as a zoologist, an ornithologist and a talented and prolific illustrator. He additionally had a major enthusiasm for looking and deciding on new species. during this 1834 quantity besides the fact that, Swainson addressed the character of, foundations for and winning pursuit of zoology. It argues firmly for the most important significance of taxonomy. Swainson was once an ardent suggest of MacLeay's now fullyyt outdated 'quinary' process of class - even then a quite minority view. This sought affinities, styles and analogies between organisms, on the way to determine God's order. greater than an insignificant interest, such paintings used to be of pivotal crisis to enterprising naturalists of the 1820s and 1830s - together with the younger Charles Darwin. It additionally reached Robert Chambers, whose 1844 Vestiges of the average heritage of construction was once a tremendous landmark within the improvement of the speculation of evolution.

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These materials, however, were arranged by Dr. Solander, but only published jin 1786, under the auspices of Sir Joseph Banks; when both the author and the editor had gone to their last home. Ellis was also an accomplished p. 80. He not only did this, but stoutly denied, to the last, in his own works, the discovery of Ellis. , p. 560. * Ellis. ) Essay towards a Natural History of the Corallines found on Xhe Coast of Great Britain and Ireland. By John Ellis, Esq. London, 1755. 1 vol. 4to. ) Letter to Dr.

Nurenberg, 1746—1761. , small 4to. The fourth volume is a Supplement by Kleeman. 4-2 STUDY OF NATURAL HISTORY. qualifications, his works are assuredly the most valuable, on general ornithology, that have ever appeared in England. This arose from his being the first who figured and described a vast number of birds, then new to naturalists, who consequently refer to him as the original authority for all such species. The figures of Edwards were copied and recopied by nearly all succeeding writers, up to the year 1820, when we ventured, in the Zoological Illustrations, to introduce a new style of delineation ; and to substitute original figures for those which were then copied into nearly all the popular compilations.

And a collection of drawings chiefly of the rare fishes of Brazil, made by his accomplished patron, are said to be preserved in the Royal Library of Berlin. His work on Brazil was published, with those of Piso and Bontius on India, in 1768. Marcgrave had talents of a very high order; for, besides his zoological and botanical labours, he wrote on RISE AND PROGRESS OF ZOOLOGY. 19 the customs of the natives, — studied and analysed their language, — made astronomical observations, and evinced, in short, the possession of all that varied knowledge which we should only look for in an accomplished traveller of this century.

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