By D. W. Phillipson David W. Phillipson
David Phillipson offers an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via eu colonization during this revised and extended variation of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, imperative and Southern Africa. His ebook demonstrates the relevance of archaeological examine to knowing modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural historical past of humankind.
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Additional resources for African Archaeology, Third Edition
The teeth were smaller and more closely resemble those of modern people, as do the bones of the hand. The posture of H. ) boisei and the earlier individuals now classed as P. ) aethiopicus. H. habilis none the less shows substantial variability and some authorities consider that its more massive representatives (such as the famous ‘1470’ skull from Koobi Fora, Kenya) should be regarded as a distinct species, for which the name H. rudolfensis has been proposed (Lieberman et al. 1996). 0 million years ago.
K. Harris 1983; Kimbel et al. 1996; Semaw 2000). Not far to the south, the Bouri area of the Middle Awash has yielded stone ﬂakes and worked bone fragments from the same locality as remains attributed to A. 5 million years ago (Asfaw et al. 1999; de Heinzelin et al. 1999). These specimens and their associations await full investigation; should preliminary accounts be conﬁrmed, these occurrences are by a substantial margin the earliest known incidence of hominid-made artefacts. They are generally attributed to the mode-1 Oldowan industry, discussed below, although they are signiﬁcantly older than the occurrence after which that industry is named (Ludwig and Harris 1998).
0 million years ago. The rounded skull-vault with a welldeveloped forehead housed a brain which, at about 800 cubic centimetres, was some 70 per cent larger than those of the contemporary P. ) boisei. The sagittal crest and massive muscle attachments of the latter species were not present in 1470. 75 million years ago, if not before, a second species of Homo may be recognised in East Africa. It was at one time given the designation H. erectus to emphasise its perceived similarity to certain East and Southeast Asian fossils, but some authorities now consider that the single designation is inappropriate and prefer to class the East African material as H.