Agricultural Applications by Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank

By Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank Kempken (eds.)

During this quantity the relevance of fungi for agriculture is mentioned in 4 sections. the 1st one 'Food and Fodder construction' matters the applying and power of mushrooms, straw enrichment, and foodstuff or crop spoilage. the following part 'Mycotoxins and cleansing' offers with the biosynthesis of mycotoxins and using fungi in organopollutant degradation. a wide part entitled 'Disease keep an eye on, Diagnostic, and administration' covers quite a few elements of organic regulate (fungi, bugs, and weeds), diagnostics with emphasis at the instance of Magnaporthegrisea, and affliction administration with concentrate on the $64000 fungal pathogens Phoma, Fusarium, rusts and powdery mold. The final part 'Update on Host-Parasite Interactions' discusses sign transduction, avirulence determinants, phytotoxins, mobilephone wall degradation, and the coevolution of pathogenic fungi and grass hosts.

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Fungi which decompose lignin and other substrates (cellulose and hemicellulose) rapidly and change digestibility of the substrate only partly. A typical member of this group is Phanerochaete chrysosporium. White-rot basidiomycetes degrade the polymers cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin at different rates and extent. In general, strains of whiterot fungi are the most effective lignin degraders in nature (Eriksson et al. 1990). White-rot fungi produce extracellular lignin-modifying enzymes, of which lignin-peroxidases (LiP) , manganesedependent peroxidase (MnP), laccase and H20zproducing oxidases (aryl-alcohol oxidase and glyoxaloxidase) are the most important (Kirk and Farrell 1987; Buswell 1992).

1. Effect of Fungi on Rice Straw .......... 2. Protein Supplementation of Fungi-Treated Rice Straw . . . . . . . . . . . . . C. Barley Straw .......................... D. Oat Straw ............................ E. Maize Stover . . . . . . . . . . . . . F. Other Straws and By-Products ............ IV. In Vivo Studies ........................ V. Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 19 20 22 22 22 22 22 22 24 24 24 25 26 27 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 34 35 I.

Edu/data-sets/specialty/94003/. Accessed Nov 1,2000 Van de Rhee MD, Gra0a PMA, Huizing HJ, Mooibroek H (1996a) Transformation of the cultivated mushroom, Agaricus bisporus, to hygromycin B resistance. Mol Gen Genet 250:252-258 Van de Rhee MD, Mendes 0, Werten MWT, Huizing HJ, Mooibroek H (1996b) Highly effieient homologous integration via tandem exo-beta-l,3-g1ucanase genes in the common mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Curr Genet 30:166-173 Application and Potential of Molecular Approaches to Mushrooms Van Griensven LJLD (1988) History and development.

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