By C. W. M. Whitty and O. L. Zangwill (Eds.)
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Extra info for Amnesia. Clinical, Psychological and Medicolegal Aspects
This is certainly the most straightforward explanation but some account must be taken of the logical point that, although release from PI provides good evidence of categorization, it is possible that categorizing activity may take place without this being reflected in release from PI. Amnesics might be characterized by less concordance than normals between encoding in memory and parameters determining proactive interference. It would then be possible to argue that this experimental result does not reflect impaired semantic encoding.
Norman and Rumelhart (1970) have suggested that the attributes of an item have attached to them information about the context in which the item occurred. In recall the contextual information is provided and the subject reconstructs the item from the attributes with the appropriate contextual markers. In recognition the attributes of the Encoding and organizational factors 27 item are provided and the subject examines the contextual markers to determine whether the item occurred in the appropriate context.
This encoding is naturally assumed to take place during or very soon after stimulus presentation, and it is for this reason that these investigators have made extensive use of the STM type of experiment. Butters and Cermak point out that semantic features of such things as word lists and sentences are more durable in memory than acoustic Auditory memory tests Delay trials Non-verbal tests A Verbal tests K N A K Figure 6. Errors on verbal and non-verbal auditory STM tasks compiled by Korsakoff (K), Alcoholic (A) and Normal (N) groups.