By Roger Blench, Matthew Spriggs
Archaeology and Language I represents groundbreaking paintings in synthesizing disciplines which are now visible as interlinked: linguistics and archaeology. This quantity is the 1st of a three-part survey of leading edge effects rising from their combination.
Archaeology and old linguistics have mostly pursued separate tracks till lately, even if their objectives will be very comparable. whereas there's a new expertise that those disciplines can be utilized to enrich each other, either rigorous methodological information and precise case-studies are nonetheless missing in literature. Archaeology and Language I goals to fill this lacuna.
Exploring quite a lot of strategies constructed via experts in every one self-discipline, this primary quantity bargains with huge theoretical and methodological concerns and gives an quintessential historical past to the aspect of the experiences offered in volumes II and III. This assortment offers with the debatable query of the beginning of language, the validity of deep-level reconstruction, the sociolinguistic modelling of prehistory and the use and cost of oral culture.
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Extra resources for Archaeology and Language I: Theoretical and Methodological Orientations
W. 1839. The New Cratylus. Cambridge: Deighton. Droixhe, D. 1990. Le voyage de Schreiten: Leibniz et les débuts du comparatisme finno-ougrien. In Leibniz, Humboldt and the origins of comparativism, T. Formigari (eds), 3–30. Amsterdam: Benjamins. C. 1834. Philologie, par M. D’Urville. Seconde Partie. Les autres vocabularies de langues ou Dialectes océaniens recueillies durant la votage, et le Vocabulaire comparatif des languages françaises, madekass, malaio, mawi, tonga, taiti et hawaii, suivis de quelques considérations générales sur ces langues.
Otte argues that there has been a striking technological continuity in Eurasia from the Palaeolithic onwards, and that the real discontinuity was much earlier than proposed in theories of Indo-European attributed to Gimbutas and Renfrew. He opposes the common dogmas of IndoEuropean as either incoming horse pastoralists or as the diffusion of agricultural technology. The themes in Renfrew’s interpretation of Indo-European prehistory which have been a fruitful starting point for many contributors are expanded on a global basis in his chapter.
In a more serious vein he examines the four major theories of the Indo-European homeland that have gained credence in the literature and illustrates the problems encountered with entirely accepting any of these. This may have important implications for the long-term future of ‘homeland’ research in general. Perhaps when the density of research on other language phyla approaches that of IndoEuropean the case for differing and contradictory solutions will be equally compelling. Johanna Nichols’s chapter takes a novel approach to the question of the IndoEuropean homeland and comes up with a very different solution from those previously mentioned.