Assembling the Past: Studies in the Professionalization of by Alice Beck Kehoe, Mary Beth Emmerichs

By Alice Beck Kehoe, Mary Beth Emmerichs

Those twelve essays specialise in the fight to professionalize Americanist archaeology within the 19th and 20th centuries. managed through antiquarian and aristocratic creditors within the mid-nineteenth century, the sphere handed into the arms of execs practising a full-fledged archaeological technology via the early 20th century. The authors deal either with mainstreams in archaeological concept, professionalization, and technological know-how and with the connection of archaeology to American society and tradition. in the course of the developmental struggles, robust males and associations marginalized girls, ethnic minorities, the reduce and center periods, and practitioners with the inaccurate pedigree, and blocked examine agendas that diverged from the norm. as well as Kehoe, individuals comprise Elin D. Danien, Donald McVicker, Neil Asher Silberman, Lawrence G. Desmond, William G. Dever, Stephen L. Dyson, James W. Halporn, Mary Ann Levine, Susan J. Bender, Don D. Fowler, and Jonathon E. Reyman.

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We solicited Neil Silberman's essay, presented at another session of the Archaeological Congress, for its relevance to our focus on the broad historical background from which professional archaeology arose. The theme that emerged from such focus is the struggle to professionalize the discipline of archaeology, a struggle that involved the marginalization of the uncredentialed, members of the wrong social class, women, and those with the wrong regional or academic connections. From Antiquarians to Archaeologists, from Aristocrats to Academics In the history of archaeology, a distinction must first be made between the practice of archaeological research and the profession of archaeology.

Medical Women. Reprint, New York: Source Books. Kehoe, Alice Beck. 1998. The Land of Prehistory: A Critical History of American Archaeology. New York: Routledge. Kelley, Jane H. and Marsha E. Hanen. 1988. Archaeology and the Methodology of Science. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Kennedy, Roger G. 1994. Hidden Cities: The Discovery and Loss of Ancient North American Civilization. New York: Free Press. Kerr, James. 1989. Fiction Against History: Scott as Storyteller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Everyday objects became as much a part of the past as coins and castles. Although his empathy with all manner of men and women was great, Scott was nevertheless convinced that he lived at the acme of progress. According to Kerr (1989:21), Scott's Waverley novels contain a prior ideological subtext, of the unfortunate, but necessary, defeat and subjugation of an older and less civilized society. Representations of the past . . serve at once to defer the effects of history, to suppress the force of the real and to perpetuate the patterns of domination the novel disguises.

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