Assessing Student Learning in Africa (Directions in by Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney

By Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney

Schooling for All, supported by way of the foreign group, emphasizes the significance of studying caliber. This e-book specializes in using evaluate to watch and review studying in Sub-Saharan African international locations. It offers with 4 significant facets of academic evaluation: public (external) examinations, nationwide exams of academic success degrees, foreign checks, and lecture room evaluation practices. insurance of public examinations contains a assessment in their caliber, their capability for leveraging reform, and their optimistic and detrimental affects at the nature of educating and studying. Assessing scholar studying in Africa summarizes the diversity of nationwide review actions performed within the zone. those exams have been designed to supply facts at the results of education, specially when it comes to scholar achievements. The really few foreign exams which have been performed in Africa have pronounced fairly low degrees of pupil success. professionals and cons of engaging in overseas checks are mentioned. Classroom-based evaluation is an indispensable component to the instructing studying strategy. The proof offered means that present instructor review practices are poor in particular parts. in the course of the publication, the authors supply concrete feedback of the way to enhance evaluate practices to aid increase the standard of pupil fulfillment.

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Effects of Changes in Examinations The contention that by changing public examinations educators can improve the quality of student learning can be examined through closer investigation of the following questions: • Will a change in the content areas examined result in a shift in the content to which students are exposed in class? 16 ASSESSING STUDENT LEARNING IN AFRICA • Is a change in examinations likely to result in an improvement in the level of student achievements? • Is a change in examinations likely to result in a change in the cognitive processing skills of students?

In most countries, the ability of parents to assist their children with their schoolwork was correlated with student achievement. SACMEQ The Southern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) is a collaborative, voluntary grouping of 15 ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa. The consortium works in close collaboration with the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) in Paris, with the goal of building institutional capacity through joint training and cooperative educational policy research (Ross et al.

Source: Kellaghan and Greaney 1992. instruction on the test content, leading to a narrowing of the curriculum and to a situation in which the examination becomes the manifest definition of the domain (Le Mahieu and Leinhardt 1985). A further disadvantage of examinations to which high stakes are attached is that they tend to affect teaching strategies, learning strategies, student involvement in learning tasks, and student attitudes to learning. Teachers will tend to rely on drill, and may require their students to use strategies that are superficial or short-term, such as memorizing, rehearsing, and rote learning.

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