By T. Edward Damer
More and more university classes and courses require a severe pondering component--and comprise assignments intended to degree your serious pondering abilities. ATTACKING defective REASONING: a pragmatic advisor TO FALLACY-FREE ARGUMENTS, 6th variation, may also help brush up on those skills--and methods to strengthen the logical, persuasive arguments you wish now and all through your profession. this beneficial instruction manual addresses greater than 60 universal fallacies of common sense with the aid of over 2 hundred memorable examples. It offers reasons and assistance for warding off unsuitable pondering, and is a perfect source whilst writing papers, essays, or arguments.
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Additional info for Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments
A second principle to use in determining whether an argument is a good one has to do with premise relevance. The premises of a good argument must be relevant to the truth or merit of the conclusion. There is no reason to waste time assessing the truth or acceptability of a premise if it is not even relevant to the truth of the conclusion. A premise is relevant if its acceptance provides some reason to believe, counts in favor of, or has some bearing on the truth or merit of the conclusion. A premise is irrelevant if its acceptance has no bearing on, provides no evidence for, or has no connection to the truth or merit of the conclusion.
H. Construct in standard form a deductive argument that supports a particular position on a legal dispute. Make sure that the argument properly utilizes a law or a legal precedent. I. Construct in standard form a deductive argument that supports a particular position on an aesthetic dispute. Make sure that the argument properly utilizes an aesthetic criterion or standard. J. Determine whether the following pieces of discourse are arguments. In each case, if it is an argument, identify the conclusion and the premise or premises that support it.
One should ask several questions when applying the structural principle to a particular argument. Does the argument conform to the fundamental structure of an argument, in that it provides at least one claim (a premise) whose truth might make it more probable that some other claim (the conclusion) is true? Could any of the key premises of the argument be construed as making the same claim as the conclusion? Do any of the premises contradict another premise? Does the conclusion contradict any of the premises?