By Geoffrey M. Vaughan
Did Hobbes's political philosophy have functional intentions? There exists no _Hobbist_ tuition of concept; no new political order was once encouraged by way of Hobbesian precepts. but in Behemoth Teaches Leviathan Geoffrey M. Vaughan revisits Behemoth to bare hitherto unexplored pedagogic objective to Hobbes's political philosophy.
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Extra info for Behemoth Teaches Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes on Political Education (Applications of Political Theory)
Philosophy Naturalized There is, perhaps, in all modern life no more powerfully, more irresistibly progressive idea than that of science. 42 Aristotle spoke of metaphysics as the most difficult, rare, and excellent of the theoretical sciences. He gave it pride of place because of the perfection of its subject matter, the first principles and causes of being. The excellence of its object made metaphysics the supreme form of knowledge, even though the most difficult to obtain. In the hierarchical ranking of the episteme theoretike, the likelihood of certainty was subordinated to the dignity of subject matter.
If empirical science had the exclusive investigatory rights for both humanity and nature, what cognitive responsibility could philosophy possibly claim? The crisis of philosophy experienced in the nineteenth century turned on the following question: How could philosophy become scientific, and thus intellectually reputable, without becoming an empirical science? The great philosophers at the turn of the century-Frege, Husserl, Meinong, Russell, and Wittgenstein-devoted their exceptional energies to the resolution of this question.
I am referring to the distinctions between intentional and nonintentional fields of investigation, between logical and psychological laws, between normative and descriptive categories, between causal explanation and epistemic justification. To override any of these central distinctions is to commit a specific version of the naturalistic fallacy. As Brentano and Husserllater argued, the fatal error of naturalism was not its desire to make philosophy scientific,47 but its failure to conceive correctly the appropriate subject matter of philosophy.