By Simone Ferrari, Valentina Zanotto
This publication discusses the problems appropriate to the evaluate of the thermal power stability of constructions in southern Europe and equips readers to hold out optimum development energy-performance checks making an allowance for the peculiarities of the climatic context. overview of creating power functionality during this area is advanced, because the major desire for cooling implies that the impact of thermal means, glazed surfaces and air flow and shading innovations must be rigorously thought of whilst picking out the indoor operative temperatures. this can be absolutely defined, and important matters within the software of the widely hired, simplified systems and assumptions are pointed out. as well as the theoretical research, there are case stories that discover the power performances of a collection of ordinary construction typologies in the variability of the Italian weather, regarded as consultant of stipulations in southern Europe. those descriptions will aid strength experts and different stakeholders in assessing development strength performances past the mere simplified average assumptions. in addition, the various graphs and tables documenting facts may be simply followed to function layout suggestion instruments for either new buildings and retrofits.
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Extra resources for Building Energy Performance Assessment in Southern Europe
3 45 Internal Loads In case of the internal heat sources, too, most of the national procedures prescribe standard reference values according to the building use. Considering the range of reference data provided by several national standards in Europe (Ferrari and Zanotto 2010) and the ones found in EN ISO 13790 (2008), the average internal heat loads of 4 W/m2 in case of residential buildings and of 6 W/m2 in case the ofﬁce buildings are used as basic reference densities. 4). The results shown in Fig.
4 Fictitious Ambient Temperature Nilsson (1994, 1997) developed a simpliﬁed analysis tool for the evaluation of a whole building behaviour, based on the preparation of duration diagrams describing the different variables in the thermal zone heat balance equation. However, the principle and the equations are here described since within this tool the dynamic behaviour is introduced by an adjusted reference outdoor temperature for the steady-state calculation of the heat transfer through the building envelope.
References ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, 1972) ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, 1989) ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, 2001) K. Bansal, S. R. Gopal, Development of CLTD values for buildings located in Kolkata. India. Appl. Therm. Eng. S. Barnaby, A survey of simpliﬁed techniques for calculating energy effects of building mass, in Proceedings of the Building Thermal Mass Seminar, Knoxville TN, 2–3 June 1982 EN ISO 6946, Building components and building elements—Thermal resistance and thermal transmittance—Calculation method (European Committee of Standardization, Brussels, 2007) S.