Challenger 2 Main Battle Tank 1987-2006 by Simon Dunstan

By Simon Dunstan

The Challenger 2 is the present major conflict Tank of the British military and represents the end result of eighty years of tank layout. In 1987, its layout was once awarded to the Ministry of Defence according to a demand to exchange the Chieftain MBT that have been partly outdated by way of the Challenger 1 MBT. construction begun in 1993, and the tank eventually entered provider in 2002. The tank lately seemed in Iraq, the place it proved crucial throughout the conflict of Basra. This publication covers the evolution of the Challenger 2, from its origins and trying out to its involvement within the heart East and Iraq.

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This argument is admittedly artificial, as production quality is integral to the value of a weapon. Nothing turns a soldier against a firearm as much as problems with reliability, and the M1 Garand was noted for its robust resilience to everything the battlefield could throw at it. Had the Gew 43 come earlier in the war, and had chance to go through another couple of phases of improvement, it might well have been one of the conflict’s exceptional firearms. The other factor mitigating against the Gew 43 was the simple equation of distribution.

The Germans have struck a balance between the weight limitations of the machine carbine and the power and pressure requirements of the rifle or light machine gun. (US War Dept 1944b) The quotation accurately sums up the virtues of the FG 42, and notes its ‘versatility’ as a weapon that could straddle the demands of a submachine gun (machine carbine), rifle and even light machine gun. It also dwells upon the gun’s accuracy, a virtue of its ‘straight-in-line’ design that channelled the force of recoil on a direct line through the stock and into the soldier’s shoulder.

Pegler 2006: 195) Note that like Allerberger, Kramer made a conscious swap of his boltaction rifle for the semi-auto Gew 43. This suggests that those issued with the Gew 43 might have used the semi-auto weapon alongside a Kar 98k or Gew 98, to give themselves tactical flexibility suited to the challenges facing them. Those snipers who opted to use the B-Patrone ammunition would have had to alter the zero of the rifle before doing so, the explosive round having different ballistic properties compared to the standard ball cartridge.

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