By Michael Meckler
Even if such a lot widely used and noticeable in the course of the early many years of the Republic, the impression of classical antiquity on American politics persists even into the twenty first century. This learn tracks the circulation of classicism all through U.S. historical past and illustrates how the traditional Greeks and Romans proceed to persuade political conception and ascertain coverage within the usa, from the schooling of the Founders to the conflict in Iraq.
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Additional resources for Classical Antiquity and the Politics of America: From George Washington to George W. Bush
The House of Representatives was meant to be a democratic body, a people’s assembly intended to reflect the concerns of the overwhelming majority of citizens who lacked extensive property. By contrast, the Senate was initially designed as an aristocratic council deliberative in nature and gathered from those whose wealth afforded them an education equal to their task. To these democratic and aristocratic elements the Founders added a president, the monarchical element in a mixed government in which authority was shared among the three types of polity (monarchy, aristocracy, democracy) recognized in classical Greece.
7). 23–30), that their complex system of balances was the chief cause of their success. Mixed-government theory dominated Western political thought throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance until the rise of Absolutism in the seventeenth century. In response to Absolutist ideas, English republicans like Algernon Sidney (1622–1683) reasserted classical arguments against simple systems of government and added Great Britain to their list of successful mixed constitutions. 4 James Harrington (1611–1677) contributed the theory of natural aristocracy, a concept essential to any American adaptation of mixed-government theory.
Simply stated, early American collegiate education, with its pronounced classical bias, successfully met the stated goals of preparing young men for service to religious and public life. There is no better testimony of this success than the record of accomplishment of the 469 graduates of the College of New Jersey during the presidency of the Reverend John Witherspoon from 1769 to 1794. S. S. 47 Throughout life, most American college graduates of the eighteenth century continued to pursue intellectual interests in classical antiquity that their education had opened to them.