By Masud Mansuripur

Masking a huge variety of primary subject matters in classical optics and electro-magnetism, this up to date, moment variation includes thirteen new chapters, which disguise many subject matters of primary importance in addition to sensible value. the 1st 1/2 the e-book bargains essentially with the fundamental suggestions of optics, whereas the second one part describes how those thoughts can be utilized in various technological functions. every one bankruptcy is anxious with a unmarried subject, constructing an figuring out of the topic by utilizing diagrams, examples, numerical simulations, and logical arguments. The mathematical content material is saved to a minimal to supply the reader with insightful discussions of optical phenomena

this article covers themes in classical optics within the type of self contained chapters. the 1st 1/2 the e-book bargains with simple innovations of optics, and the second one describes how those innovations can be utilized in various technological functions. Preface; advent; 1. Abbe's sine situation; 2. Fourier optics; three. impact of polarization on diffraction in platforms of excessive numerical aperture; four. Gaussian beam optics; five. Coherent and incoherent imaging; 6. First-order temporal coherence in classical optics; 7. The Van Cittert-Zernike theorem; eight. Partial polarization, Stokes parameters, and the Poincare Sphere; nine. Second-order coherence and the Hanbury Brown - Twiss scan; 10. What on the earth are floor plasmons?; eleven. floor plasmon polaritons on metal surfaces; 12. The Faraday effecy; thirteen. The magneto-optical Kerr impression; 14. The Sagnac interferometer; 15. Fabry-Perot etalons in polarized gentle; sixteen. The Ewald-Oseen extinction theorem; 17. Reciprocity in classical Linear optics; 18. Optical pulse compression; 19. The uncertainty precept in classical optics; 20. Omni-directional dielectric mirrors; 21. Optical vortices; 22. Geometric-optical rays, Poynting's vector, and box momenta; 23. Doppler shift, stellar aberration, and convection of sunshine by means of relocating Media; 24. Diffraction gratings; 25. Diffractive optical parts; 26. The talbot impact; 27. a few quirks of overall inner mirrored image; 28. Evanescent coupling; 29. inner and exterior conical refraction; 30. Transmission of sunshine via small elliptical apertures; 31. the strategy of Fox and Li; 32. The beam propagation approach; 33. Launching mild right into a Fiber; 34. The optics of demiconductor fiode Laser; 35. Michelson's dtellar interferometer; 36. Bracewell's interferometric telescope; 37. Scanning optical microscopy; 38. Zernike's approach to section distinction; 39. Polarization microscopy; forty. Nomarski's differential interference distinction microscope; forty-one. The Van Leeuwenhoek microscope; forty two. Projection photolithography; forty three. interplay of sunshine with subwavelength constructions; forty four The Ronchi try out; forty five. The Shack-Hartmann Wavefront sensor; forty six. Ellipsometry; forty seven. Holography and holographic interferometry; forty eight. Self-focusing in non-linear optical media; forty nine. Spatial optical solitons; 50. Laser-induced heating of multilayers; Index

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A 6, 786–805 (1989). H. H. Hopkins, The Airy disk formula for systems of high relative aperture, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 55, 116–128 (1943). B. Richards and E. Wolf, Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: structure of the image field in an aplanatic system, Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959). 4 Gaussian beam optics A Gaussian beam is perhaps the simplest possible waveform that shows many of the effects of diffraction. Using Gaussian beams one can study diffraction in the near field and the far field, examine beam divergence upon propagation, investigate diffraction-limited focusing through a lens, observe the Gouy phase shift, and analyze many other interesting properties of electromagnetic waves.

6 F. A. Jenkins and H. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics, fourth edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1976. 3 Effect of polarization on diffraction in systems of high numerical aperture The classical theory of diffraction, according to which the distribution of light at the focal plane of a lens is the Fourier transform of the distribution at its entrance pupil, is applicable to lenses of moderate numerical aperture (NA). The incident beam, of course, must be monochromatic and coherent, but its polarization state is irrelevant since the classical theory is a scalar theory (see Chapter 2, “Fourier optics”).

H. Hopkins, The Airy disk formula for systems of high relative aperture, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 55, 116–128 (1943). B. Richards and E. Wolf, Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: structure of the image field in an aplanatic system, Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959). 4 Gaussian beam optics A Gaussian beam is perhaps the simplest possible waveform that shows many of the effects of diffraction. Using Gaussian beams one can study diffraction in the near field and the far field, examine beam divergence upon propagation, investigate diffraction-limited focusing through a lens, observe the Gouy phase shift, and analyze many other interesting properties of electromagnetic waves.