Coal Information: 2007 Edition by international energy agency

By international energy agency

Coal info brings jointly in a single quantity crucial facts on coal. It as a result presents a powerful beginning for coverage and industry research. half I of the book offers a overview of the area coal industry in 2006, whereas half II offers a statistical assessment of advancements, which covers global coal construction and coal reserves, coal call for by means of style (hard, steam, coking), challenging coal exchange and tough coal costs. half III presents, in tabular and photo shape, a extra targeted and accomplished statistical photo of ancient and present coal advancements within the 30 OECD member nations, via area and separately. half IV offers for chosen non-OECD international locations precis information on difficult coal provide and end-use records for roughly forty international locations and areas world wide. entire coal balances and coal alternate info for chosen years are offered on sixteen significant non-OECD coal generating and eating international locations. desk of content material : creation ideas and Definitions -1. basic Notes -2. assets -3. devices and Conversions -4. Notes on power resources and Flows -5. rate information -6. Quarterly power facts -7. Geographical insurance -8. kingdom Notes -9. Conversion elements and Calorific Values half I. international Coal industry evaluate -1. evaluate -2. creation -3. intake -4. alternate -5. costs -6. CO2 Emissions -7. Coal-to-Liquids: another Oil provide? half II. international Coal review -1. construction --1.1. global demanding Coal construction --1.2. global Coking Coal construction --1.3. international Steam Coal construction --1.4. global Brown Coal creation --1.5. OECD construction of Coke Oven Coke -2. intake --2.1. international difficult Coal intake --2.2. global Coking Coal intake --2.3. international Steam Coal intake --2.4. global Brown Coal intake --2.5. OECD intake of Coke Oven Coke -3. exchange --3.1. global and Seaborne Coal alternate --3.2. international overall tough Coal alternate --3.3. global Steam Coal alternate --3.4. global Coking Coal alternate --3.5. Wrold difficult Coal Imports - neighborhood Aggregates --3.6. Wrodl Brown Coal Imports - neighborhood Aggregates --3.7. global tough Coal Import - chosen international locations --3.8. global Brown Coal Imports - chosen nations --3.9. international Coking Coal Imports - local Aggregates --3.10. global Steam Coal Imports - local Aggregates --3.11. international Coking Coal Imports - chosen international locations --3.12. international Steam Coal Imoprts - chosen international locations --3.13. OECD Coke Oven Cok Imports - --3.14. global challenging Coal Exports - neighborhood Aggregates --3.15. global Brown Coal Exports - neighborhood Aggregates --3.16. international difficult Coal Export - chosen nations --3.17. global Brown Coal Exports - chosen international locations --3.18. global Coking Coal Exports - nearby Aggregates --3.19. global Steam Coal Exports - local Aggregates --3.20. Wrold Coking Coal Exports - chosen nations --3.21. global Steam Coal Exports - chosen nations --3.22. OECD Coke Oven Coke Exports -4. costs --4.1. Japan Coking Coal Import charges --4.2. european Coking Coal Import bills from chosen nations --4.3. Japan Steam Coal Import charges --4.4. european Steam Coal Import charges from chosen nations --4.5. Steam Coal Export bills --4.6. Coking Coal Export charges --4.7. Coking Coal costs for --4.8. Steam Coal costs for --4.9. Steam Coal costs for electrical energy iteration -5. Coal for different makes use of --5.1. OECD Coal-Fired and overall electrical energy iteration skill --5.2. OECD Coal Use for electrical energy creation and warmth offered --5.3. OECD Coal Use in Coke Ovens --5.4. international intake of Pulverised Coal Injection (PCI) Coals -6. Charts --6.1. global Steam and Coking Coal creation --6.2.World Steam and Coking Coal exchange --6.3. Coking Coal rate CIF Japan and CIF european Member St

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COAL INFORMATION (2007 Edition) - xxxi 9. S. K. S. K. 0 1 3 3 Cubic metre (m ) Decimal Prefixes 101 102 103 106 109 1012 1015 1018 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY deca (da) 10-1 deci (d) hecto (h) 10-2 centi (c) kilo (k) 10-3 milli (m) mega (M) 10-6 micro (μ) giga (G) 10-9 nano (n) tera (T) 10-12 pico (p) peta (P) 10-15 femto (f) exa (E) 10-18 atto (a) COAL INFORMATION (2007 Edition) - xxxiii 2005 COUNTRY SPECIFIC AVERAGE NET CALORIFIC VALUES (Megajoules per tonne) Anthracite Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 28 110 25 180 27 700 32 000 29 700 27 840 27 200 19 720 29 300 29 300 31 880 28 700 19 390 28 100 28 060 SubCoking Other Coal Bituminous Bituminous Coal Coal 28 500 29 070 29 310 28 410 28 880 29 300 30 500 29 380 31 430 28 050 30 980 28 370 27 630 23 480 28 670 29 610 29 380 30 020 30 000 30 790 28 850 29 170 25 700 28 140 25 780 25 510 22 340 24 800 25 500 26 000 25 180 25 620 24 830 28 050 27 840 26 590 25 930 24 900 29 300 23 480 25 070 28 400 28 100 22 730 25 560 25 580 23 490 27 400 28 100 25 520 24 810 26 590 18 480 22 200 23 040 17 800 13 010 18 170 20 900 19 410 21 080 12 040 18 000 19 420 Lignite 9 310 9 150 21 560 14 470 8 750 17 000 9 040 5 150 7 750 19 820 10 470 14 100 20 000 14 360 8 650 11 190 6 500 6 890 14 210 Peat Patent Coke Oven Coal Tar Fuels Coke BKB 8 800 10 200 8 370 8 380 12 500 - 31 000 29 310 32 000 31 400 28 050 19 860 29 310 30 870 27 220 21 000 19 300 20 100 23 860 21 340 14 570 20 000 18 550 20 100 17 450 23 000 20 100 20 100 20 930 - 25 650 29 000 27 700 27 390 28 010 29 300 29 300 28 000 28 650 29 300 29 450 26 670 29 000 30 100 27 210 26 520 28 500 28 500 28 550 28 040 28 330 30 290 28 080 28 100 29 300 27 830 27 470 41 800 37 340 37 000 36 330 41 900 38 520 - Source: IEA/OECD Coal Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY xxxiv - COAL INFORMATION (2007 Edition) Coal Classification The IEA collects statistics on coal production, trade and consumption according to a technically precise classification based on the quality of coal as follows: • Coking Coal is coal with a quality that allows the production of coke suitable to support a blast furnace charge; • Other Bituminous Coal and Anthracite are non-agglomerating coals with a gross calorific value greater than 23 865 kJ/kg (5 700 kcal/kg) on an ash-free but moist basis; • Sub-bituminous Coal is a non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value between 23 865 kJ/kg (5 700 kcal/kg) and 17 435 kJ/kg (4 165 kcal/kg) containing more than 31% volatile matter on a dry mineral matter-free basis; • Lignite/Brown Coal is a non-agglomerating coal with a gross calorific value less than 17 435 kJ/kg (4 165 kcal/kg) and greater than 31% volatile matter on a dry mineral matter-free basis.

This growth in Turkey is due to a new lignite-fired plant and contrasts with the trend of declining brown coal production since 1999. 2 Mt, Turkey reaches the sixth-ranking position among brown coal producers. 1 Mt. Other significant brown coal producers in the region include: Hungary, Spain and the Slovak Republic. 6% increase in 2005. By far, the vast majority the of nonOECD brown coal production occurs in the transition economies while most of the remaining production occurs in East Asia and South Asia.

Also in 1997, other bituminous coal started being extracted at a deeper level, which increased the calorific value of this coal. Revisions by the Czech Administration have resulted in some breaks in series between 2001 and 2002. Production from other sources of the bituminous coal in 2004 are coal slurries. France Prior to 1985, consumption of colliery gas is included with the use of coke oven gas by autoproducers. Final consumption in industry is estimated by the Secretariat from 1986 to 2001 for some products.

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